The U.S. formally proposed to the Executive Board that UNESCO undertake activities building capacities in developing countries to address elements of Millennium Development Goals. The proposal welcomed "the establishment of a unit within the Science Sector to coordinate activities in capacity-building focused on:
(i) Basic science and mathematics education – activities to include development of training materials and programmes in science and mathematics;
(ii) Engineering – activities to include strengthening of the existing engineering programme, including training educators for developing countries, support of workshops for educators in curriculum development, best practices, and quality assurance, and development of appropriate collaborations with industry;
(iii) Water-related efforts – activities to include enhancement of the current hydrology effort as it relates to capacity-building efforts in engineering and water sciences to address water-related needs.